Types of Pediatric Specialists and When Your Child Needs One

Pediatric Medicine: An Overview

Pediatric Medicine focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions affecting infants, children, and adolescents, from birth to age 18. The doctors who specialize in this field are known as Pediatricians. They diagnose and treat specific health issues, diseases, and disorders related to the growth and development of a child-like congenital defects, genetic variance, and other development issues and conditions like abdominal pain, croup, allergies, lazy eye, asthma, autism, lung disease, clubfoot, cough & cold, diarrhea, ear infections, early childhood caries, headaches, childhood visual problems, pneumonia, squints, and tuberculosis.

Who is a Pediatrician/child specialist?

A Pediatrician or child specialist is a medical doctor or physician who manages the physical, mental, and behavioral care for infants, children, and teenagers up to the age of 18. They are trained to diagnose and treat a broad range of childhood illnesses, ranging from minor health problems to serious conditions and diseases. Pediatricians are responsible to help keep children healthy by keeping a track of their growth and development. They also help prevent illness by giving vaccine shots and general health advice to the parents of the child.

Role of a Pediatrician

A Pediatrician or a child specialist is the first point of contact whenever your child is sick. In caring for children, a pediatrician will:

  • Perform physical examinations
  • Give your child recommended immunizations
  • Make sure your child is meeting developmental milestones in growth, development, skills, and behavior
  • Diagnose and treat your child's illnesses, infections, injuries, and other health-related problems
  • Give you information regarding your child's health, safety, nutrition, and fitness needs
  • Answer your questions about the child's growth and development
  • Refer to and collaborate with a specialist if your child needs urgent care that is beyond the pediatrician's expertise

Subspecialties of Pediatric Medicine

Some are pediatricians practice primary care and treat general diseases of children, while others specialize in certain areas such as:-

  • Adolescent Medicine
    Adolescents face a tremendous amount of social and academic pressure, as well as potentially life-threatening illnesses, habits, and behaviors. Adolescent health specialists are trained and specialized to help teenagers and young adults between the ages of 11-18. They also take care of physical exams and immunizations to reproductive and mental health care.
  • Pediatric Cardiology
    A Pediatric Cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating heart-related conditions and diseases in children.
  • Child Abuse Pediatrics
    These pediatric medicine doctors are specialists who have special training, experience, and skills in evaluating children who may be victims of abuse or neglect.
  • Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
    A pediatric critical care specialist provides special care for your child if he/she is in an unstable and critical condition caused due to a serious injury or illness.
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine
    These pediatric specialists focus primarily on the care of the acutely ill and injured children in the emergency department.
  • Pediatric Endocrinology
    A pediatric endocrinologist treats and focuses on conditions related to your child's endocrine system. They treat children who have problems with growth, puberty, diabetes, or other disorders related to the hormones and the glands that produce them.
  • Pediatric Gastroenterology
    A pediatric gastroenterologist is a specialist for children and adolescents who suffer from digestive difficulties.
  • Pediatric Hematology-Oncology
    If your child is suffering from a blood disorder or cancer, you need to consult with a pediatric hematologist-oncologist.

When to Visit a Pediatrician?

Consult with your pediatrician if your child has:-

  • Fever
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Coughs, colds, and other respiratory problems
  • Rash
  • Pain while peeing
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Pain
  • Itching or other allergic symptoms
  • Any other symptoms signaling he/she needs a pediatric medicine doctor

What are the Common Diseases Treated by a Pediatrician?

  • Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis
  • Electrolyte disorders in children
  • Heart diseases in children
  • Respiratory infections in children
  • Diaper Rash in Children
  • Pediatric Milia
  • Pediatric Hypothyroidism
  • Pediatric Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
  • Colitis in children
  • Diarrhea in children
  • Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO) in Children
  • Mumps in Children
  • Hepatitis in Children
  • Pediatric Urinary Tract Infection
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Migraine in Children
  • Malnutrition
  • Genetic Disorder in Children

What are the Common Procedures done by Pediatrician?

  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Lumbar Puncture
  • Airway Management
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Extra Corporeal Membrane Oxygenator (Artificial Lung)
  • High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV)
  • Umbilical Vein Catheterization
  • Kidney biopsy
  • Liver biopsy
  • Pain Management
  • Intracranial Pressure Monitoring

How to Become a Pediatrician: Education and Training Essentials

To become a Pediatrician or a child specialist, aspirants must receive five & a half years of training in M.B.B.S from a medical college, followed by post-graduation in Pediatric medicine. Further, they can pursue fellowship courses in Pediatric critical care medicine, Pediatric gastroenterology, Pediatric cardiology, Pediatric Nephrology, Neonatology, and Pediatric Endocrinology to enhance their skills.

Dr. Rishab Sharma

Dr. Rishab Sharma MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine) He is associated with Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Rishab has wide experience in managing a variety of diseases, as well as managing critical care units in large government and corporate hospitals.

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