Pediatric Surgeons – Taking Care of Your Child Since Birth

Pediatric General Surgery: An Overview

Pediatric Surgery is a subspecialty of general surgery that includes surgical procedures carried out on neonates, infants, children, and adolescents. Fields within Pediatric Surgery includes:-

  • Neonatal Surgery: Surgery performed on newborn babies
  • Fetal Surgery: Surgical procedures performed on a fetus in the womb
  • Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery: Heart surgery performed on children
  • Pediatric Neurology Surgery: Surgery of brain and nerves
  • Pediatric Urology Surgery: Surgery involving the urinary tract and kidneys

Who is a Pediatric General Surgeon?

Physicians who specialize in providing surgical care for all problems and conditions affecting children that require surgical intervention. They are concerned with the diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of surgical issues in children. Some medical conditions in children or neonates are not compatible with a good quality of life unless these conditions are corrected surgically. 

Pediatric General Surgeon treats various conditions of the heart, lungs, kidneys, uterus (including renal and kidneys), brain, nervous system, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, urinary bladder, stomach, intestines, and much more. They provide complete surgical medical care for children and newborns who suffer from any condition that requires a surgical approach.

The Focus of Pediatric Surgery

Pediatric Surgeons have particular expertise in the following areas:-

  • Neonatal
    These surgeons have specialized knowledge in the surgical repair of congenital defects (birth defects), some of which may be life-threatening to preterm and full-term infants.
  • Prenatal
    Pediatric surgeons, in cooperation with radiologists, use ultrasound and other special techniques during the fetal stage of a child's development in order to detect any abnormalities. They are also responsible to plan corrective pediatric surgery and educate the parents before their baby is born. Prenatal diagnosis often leads to fetal surgery.
  • Trauma
    Pediatric surgeons are regularly faced with critical care situations involving traumatic injuries sustained by children that may or may not require surgical intervention. Most of these surgeons are involved in accident prevention programs and aim at curbing traumatic injuries in children.
  • Pediatric Oncology
    These surgeons are also involved in the diagnosis and surgical care of children with malignant and benign tumors.?

When to Visit a Pediatric General Surgeon?

Take your child to a pediatric surgeon if he/she is suffering from:-

  • Congenital malformations like esophageal atresia and Tracheoesophageal fistula, lymphangioma, Cleft lip and palate, Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, Intestinal atresia, Necrotizing enterocolitis, Meconium plugs, Hirschsprung's disease, Imperforate anus, Undescended testes, and Intestinal malrotation.
  • Abdominal wall defects such as Omphalocele, Gastroschisis, and Hernias.
  • Chest wall deformities like Pectus excavatum
  • Tumors like ATRT, Liver tumors, Neuroblastoma, Rhabdomyosarcoma, Teratomas, and Wilms' tumor.

You should also take your children to visit a pediatric surgeon if they are conjoined twins or if they have any other condition that cannot be treated with medication, treatment, or therapy.

What are the Common Diseases Treated By a Pediatric Surgeon?

  • Alimentary Tract Duplications
  • Anorectal Abscess in Children
  • Atresia, Stenosis, and Other Obstruction of the Colon
  • Conjoined Twins
  • Diaphragmatic Hernias
  • Disorders of the Umbilicus
  • Intestinal Atresia, Stenosis, and Webs
  • Meckel Diverticulum in Children
  • Pediatric Anorectal Malformation (Imperforate Anus)
  • Pediatric Breast Disorders
  • Pediatric Fistula-in-Ano
  • Pediatric Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
  • Pediatric Intussusception
  • Pediatric Torticollis

What are the Common Procedures Done By a Pediatric Surgeon?

  • Abdominoperineal Pull Through surgery for Hirschprung 's Disease
  • Chordee Correction
  • Circumcision
  • Cleft Lip Repair
  • Cleft Palate Repair
  • Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Repair
  • Epispasdias repair
  • Hypospadias Repair
  • Gastroschisis Repair
  • Omphalocele Repair
  • Surgery for Posterior Urethral Valve
  • Tracheoesophageal fistula repair

Education and Training Essentials to Become a Pediatric Surgeon

Pediatric Surgeons have to take special training in pediatric surgery. Their journey begins with a five & a half years in graduation as M.B.B.S. from a medical college, followed by three years in post-graduation in general surgery. Further, to enhance their skills they have to undertake a super specialization course in Pediatric General Surgery which is again for three years.

Dr. Rishab Sharma

Dr. Rishab Sharma MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine) He is associated with Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Rishab has wide experience in managing a variety of diseases, as well as managing critical care units in large government and corporate hospitals.

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