Neurosurgeons – What They Do and When to Visit One

Neurosurgery: An Overview

Neurosurgery is a discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders. It involves the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders and complications using surgical methods, especially when alternate treatment methods stop working. It provides treatment for adults and pediatric patients by surgically treating the  pathological processes that may modify the functionality of the central nervous system, the autonomic nervous system, and the peripheral nervous system.

The Human Nervous System Comprises of:-

  • The Central Nervous System:
    Includes the brain and spinal cord.
  • The Peripheral Nervous System:
    Includes cranial nerves, spinal nerves and their roots and branches, peripheral nerves, and neuro muscular junctions.
  • The Autonomic Nervous System:
    Includes the part of the nervous system that controls and regulates the internal organs without conscious effort.

Who Is a Neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon is a surgeon who diagnoses and performs neurosurgery procedures in order to treat disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system. They manage a diverse group of conditions that focus on a particular organ or organ system i.e. nervous system. They treat a wide range of abnormalities that include congenital anomalies of newborns, trauma, tumors of the nervous system and its supporting structures, functional disorders, seizures, neurovascular disorders, infections, abnormalities of ageing, and stroke by performing neurosurgery procedures.

When to See a Neurosurgeon?

Immediately search for “neurosurgeon near me” if your neurologist or primary physician refers you to one or if you have any of the below symptoms:-

  • Headaches
  • Spinal pain
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Weakness
  • Movement problems
  • Seizures
  • Vision problems
  • Memory problems or confusion
  • Sleep problems

Your neurologist may refer you to a neurosurgeon after diagnosing the condition or disease that affecting you, cannot be treated without neurosurgery procedures.

What are the Diseases treated by a Neurosurgeon?

  • Basilar Artery Thrombosis
  • Brain Tumors
  • Brain Hemorrhage
  • Cerebral Aneurysm
  • Head Injury
  • Epidural Hematomas
  • Glomus Jugulare Tumors
  • Hemangioblastoma
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Lumbar Disc Disease
  • Head Trauma
  • Skull Base Tumors
  • Skull Fracture
  • Spinal Cord Abscess
  • Spinal Cord Tumors
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Subdural Hematoma
  • Vertebral Fracture
  • Cardioembolic Stroke
  • Cerebral Venous Thrombosis
  • Brain Abscess

What are the Common Surgeries/Procedures Done By Neurosurgeons?

  • Brain Biopsy
  • C.S.F. Rhinorrhea Repair
  • Clipping of intracranial aneurysm
  • Craniotomy
  • Epilepsy surgery
  • External ventricular drainage (EVD)
  • Laminectomy
  • Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
  • Nerve Biopsy
  • Kyphoplasty

Education & Training Required to Become a Certified Neurosurgeon

In order to become a certified neurosurgeon, a doctor has to spend five & a half years in graduation as M.B.B.S. from a medical college that is followed by another three years in post-graduation in general surgery. Furthermore, they also have to undertake a super specialization in Neurosurgery, that is for another three years.

Dr. Rishab Sharma

Dr. Rishab Sharma MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine) He is associated with Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Rishab has wide experience in managing a variety of diseases, as well as managing critical care units in large government and corporate hospitals.

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