Medical Oncologists – Providing the Best Chemotherapy for Cancer Treatment


Medical oncology is a modality of treatment for cancer that uses hormonal therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy to treat cancer effectively. This mode of medical oncology treatment usually works in conjunction with radiation therapy and surgical oncology in order to give the best clinical outcomes for the patients.

Medical Oncologists

A medical oncologist is also known as a cancer specialist that aims to provide the best possible outcome for cancer patients, whether that outcome is a cure or prolongation of good quality life. They also provide counseling for patients and their families. Medical oncologists are trained to work as a part of a multidisciplinary team who are able to advise on all aspects of medical oncology treatment. This includes surgical oncology, radiotherapy, and systemic therapies.

Their work role includes:-

  • Diagnosing cancers
  • Discussing various treatment options with the patients
  • Arranging and supervising the treatments and therapies
  • Taking care of any complications that may arise
  • Supporting patients and overseeing their care

What diseases are treated by a Medical Oncologists?

Some types of cancers treated by oncologists are:-

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer
  • Upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Melanoma and other skin cancers
  • Oral cancer
  • Ovarian, cervical and uterine cancer
  • Tumors of the kidney (urological cancers)
  • Leukemia and other blood cancers


Apart from these, medical oncologist also treats many other forms of cancer in the human body.

What Procedures are Performed by Medical Oncologists?

  • Bone Marrow Aspiration
  • Chemoport Insertion
  • Lumbar puncture
  • Intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Palliative Care

What are the Side Effects of Medical Oncology Treatment?

  • Loss of hair
  • Nausea
  • Feeling weak
  • Being prone to infections

Specialty Areas of Interest

  • Pediatric oncologists:
    Treat cancer affecting children.
  • Radiation oncologists/radiotherapists:
    Treat cancer using radiation.
  • Hematologists:
    Treat and manage cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow.

What Lab Investigations are Associated with Medical Oncology?

  • Blood tests – looking for markers of cancer
  • X-Rays
  • CT scans
  • MRI
  • SPECT scans
  • PET scans
  • Bone scans
  • Bone marrow aspirate or biopsy
  • Tissue biopsy

How to Become a Certified Medical Oncologist?

To become a qualified and certified medical oncology specialist, a doctor must receive five & a half years of training in M.B.B.S from a medical college. After M.B.B.S, a doctor has to undertake a postgraduate course in internal medicine which if of three years, followed by a super specialization degree in Medical oncology.

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta is a cardiac anaesthesiologist in Manipal Hospital, Jaipur. He has done his M.B.B.S. as well as M.D. Anaesthesia from S.M.S. Medical College. He has a vast experience of working in various critical care units of government as well as corporate hospitals.

More Resources