Hypertension – Causes, Sypmtons, Signs, Investigations, Prevention, Treatment, Complication
Definition & Overview
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your arteries is high enough that it may eventually be the cause of several health problems, such as myocardial infarction, aneurysm, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, or even dementia.
Blood pressure in a person is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps, the narrower your arteries will get, which results in higher blood pressure.
Types of Hypertension
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
Most people with high blood pressure show no signs or symptoms, even if the readings reach dangerously high levels. Whereas, a few people show signs of headache, shortness of breath, dizziness, and nosebleeds. But, these symptoms are not specific and sometimes may not occur until the blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
When to see a Doctor?
You’ll likely get your blood pressure measured while getting a routine checkup. Consult your doctor for a blood pressure reading at least every 2 years starting from the age of 18. If you are 40 years or above, or have a high risk of hypertension, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading every year. It is essential to measure the blood pressure in both arms to determine if there is a difference. It is also important to use an appropriate arm-sized cuff in order to get accurate readings. Your doctor may recommend more frequent readings if you have already been diagnosed with hypertension or have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
Additional Investigations Recommended for Hypertension Patients
Although a doctor’s visit is not always necessary for measuring blood pressure. But, being a patient of hypertension raises other health concerns as well. That is why patients suffering from hypertension are advised to get a regular check-up of the following in order to keep a check of their overall body and diagnose diseases at an early stage:-
Risk factors of Hypertension
High blood pressure or hypertension has many risk factors including:-
Management and Treatment
Lifestyle adjustments are a must whilst treating hypertension. Here are some recommendations:-
Dr. Rishab Sharma
Dr. Rishab Sharma MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine) He is associated with Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Rishab has wide experience in managing a variety of diseases, as well as managing critical care units in large government and corporate hospitals.