High Blood Pressure | Causes and Treatment of High BP

Out of 50, almost 30% of the families have patients of blood pressure (low and high) both. Through this blog, we will highlight what actually high blood pressure means? What are the causes and symptoms of high blood pressure and what are the treatments for high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is also called as Hypertension. It is a very common condition that can be easily evaluated in every corner of the world. High blood pressure is the blood’s long-term force against the artery walls which is strong enough to potentially cause health issues, including heart disease.
The blood pressure in your arteries is measured by both the amount of blood your heart pumps have and the amount of blood flow resistance. The more blood our heart pumps and the narrower our artery, the higher is the blood pressure.
High blood pressure (hypertension) can sustain for years with any symptoms. Unrestrained high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.

High Blood Pressure

But what are the high blood pressure causes?

 

There is not a clear picture of the causes of high blood pressure but on the basis of a few factors, the high blood pressure is defined into two types-

 

1. Primary Hypertension (or) High blood pressure – It is also called essential hypertension which is very common among people. There are no specific causes of it and it develops over time in a person. But here are few factors which are included in the primary blood pressure causes-

Genes

Physical Change Environment

2. Secondary Hypertension (or) High blood pressure – It is severe than primary hypertension and can often occur quickly. Some conditions that may cause secondary hypertension are-

Kidney disease Obesity

Use of illegal drugs

Alcohol abuse or chronic abuse Smoking

Lack of physical activity Stress

Intake of too much salt, etc.

High Blood Pressure

Below down you can find the list of the high blood pressure symptoms –

Generally, hypertension is a silent condition. People don’t experience any symptoms because they are common to other problems also and it took decades of years for the condition to be recognized until it reaches an alarming level at which the symptoms can be aggressively identified. Hence, here are few

high blood pressure symptoms which may help you and your medical facility to treat hypertension at curing level-

 

1. headaches

2. shortness of breath

3. nosebleeds

4. flushing

5. dizziness

6. chest pain

7. visual changes

8. blood in the urine 

These high blood pressure symptoms require medical attention straight away. Also note, they do not occur in everybody with hypertension but it could be fatal to wait for a symptom of this condition to appear.

How to Diagnose High blood pressure? How to understand blood pressure readings?

Hypertension or High blood pressure can be easily diagnosed by reading blood pressure readings. It can be easily monitored at the physician’s clinic as well as at home with the help of a blood pressure measuring machine. There are two numbers that create blood pressure readings.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

1. Systolic Pressure – It is the first or the top number. When your heart beats and pumps out blood it shows the pressure in the arteries.

2. Diastolic pressure– It is the second, or lower-level number. It reads the pressure between your heartbeats in your arteries.

What are the options for High blood pressure treatment?

There is a number of factors that can be determined as the treatment options for high blood pressure and these factors are distinguished on the basis of the type of hypertension the person is suffering.

1. Primary high blood pressure treatment options – If you are diagnosed with primary hypertension then you will be recommended to change your lifestyle, be more active, and try to indulge in happy activities.

2. Secondary high blood pressure treatment options – If you are diagnosed with secondary hypertension then you will be recommended with medicines and pills by the doctor to keep the blood pressure in control with no side effects.

Some of the medications used to treat hypertension are-

1. Beta-Blocker

They make the heart beat slowly with less force. They also reduce the amount of blood pumped through the arteries with each beat which lowers the blood pressure and blocks certain hormones that raise the blood pressure.

2. Diuretics

They are also called water pills which help to reduce excess sodium from the body. The high sodium level in the body leads to high blood pressure hence these are used to filter out extra fluid through urine.

3. ACE Inhibitors

Angiotensin is a chemical that tightens and narrows down the blood vessels and the artery walls. ACE inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme) prevent the body from making just as much of this chemical as it does. This helps open the blood vessels and decreases blood pressure.

Choosing a healthy lifestyle can helps you to handle the factors that cause hypertension. Apart from that here we present we home remedies that can help to cure factors of hypertension.

Developing a healthy diet

A healthy diet will help you to reduce high blood pressure. It will be beneficial for reducing the risk of complications.

Managing Stress

Regular exercise and meditation will help to reduce and manage the daily stress which will indirectly help to reduce hypertension.

Healthy Weight

Overeating and overweight both are not good for health. Having a correct weight according to height is a need of the time.

FAQS

Question 1 – What is the normal blood pressure of a human?

Answer – Normal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.

Question 2 – What is High blood pressure?

Answer – High blood pressure is the condition when the blood force against the artery walls is too high. Hypertension is commonly characterized as blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered extreme if the pressure reaches 180/120.High blood pressure often does not present any symptoms. Over time this can cause health problems, such as heart disease and stroke, if untreated.

Question 3 – How hypertension can be controlled at home?

Answer- By cutting high amount of sugar and salt, adopting healthy lifestyle, choosing healthy food items and dietary supplements. And, also by performing physical activities and meditation one can control hypertension at home.

Question 4 – What are the fatal effects of hypertension?

Answer- If the condition got fatal then it can cause the risk of heart diseases like stroke, heart attack, severe damage to body’s main artery (aortic dissection), and chest pain.

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta is a cardiac anaesthesiologist in Manipal Hospital, Jaipur. He has done his M.B.B.S. as well as M.D. Anaesthesia from S.M.S. Medical College. He has a vast experience of working in various critical care units of government as well as corporate hospitals.