Everything You Need to Know About Psychiatrists

An Introduction to Psychiatry

Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that is primarily concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders. Psychiatrists are medical experts who specialize in diagnosing, preventing, and treating mental illnesses. They are trained to differentiate between mental health problems from other underlying medical conditions that could present psychiatric symptoms. They are also responsible to monitor the effects of such mental illnesses on other physical conditions such as problems with the heart or high blood pressure, and the effects of medicines on the body such as blood sugar, blood pressure, sleep, weight, kidney, and liver functioning, etc.

When to See a Psychiatrist?

Psychiatric symptoms that require visiting a psychiatrist include:-

  • Confused thinking
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Deep, ongoing sadness, or feeling “down”
  • Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia (the belief that someone is “out to get you,”) or hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that aren’t there)
  • Drugs, narcotics or alcohol abuse
  • Excessive anger, hostility, and/or violence
  • Extreme tiredness, low energy, or sleeping problems
  • Extreme mood swings ranging from highs to lows, often shifting very quickly
  • Inability to manage day-to-day stress and problems
  • Marked changes in eating habits
  • Reduced ability to concentrate
  • Strong feelings of fear, worry, or guilt
  • Suicidal thinking
  • Trouble understanding situations and other people
  • Withdrawal from people close to you and from activities you used to enjoy
  • Loss which could be personal, emotional or financial
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Family and relationship issues
  • Unhealthy habits and addictions
  • Mental unclarity

Types of Psychiatric Disorders

The following list describes the main types of psychiatric disorders, often known as classes or categories of psychiatry.

  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders
    This type of disorder often begins before a child starts school. For example, attention deficit, hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and learning disorders.
  • Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
    People with such disorders experience delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking that often results in detachment from reality. Schizophrenia is the most common illness that affects people with psychiatric disorders.
  • Bipolar and Related Disorders
    Bipolar and other related disorders include episodes of mania consisting of periods of excessive excitement, activity, and energy, alternated with periods of depression.
  • Depressive Disorders
    These include disorders that are characterized by feelings of extreme sadness, worthlessness, along with reduced interest in previously enjoyable activities. For example, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and major depressive disorder.
  • Anxiety Disorders
    Anxiety involves focusing on bad or dangerous things that could happen and worrying fearfully and excessively about those things. Anxiety disorders which include panic disorders, phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD) and Related Disorders
    People with these types of disorder experience repeated and unwanted urges, thoughts, or images and feel driven to take repeated actions in response to these urges. For example, OCD, hoarding disorder, and hair-pulling disorder.

Consider visiting a psychiatrist if you are suffering from:-

  • Depression
  • Phobias
  • Mental disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress
  • Schizophrenia
  • Sexual disorders
  • Alcoholism
  • Alcohol-Related Psychosis
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Binge-Eating Disorder (BED)

What are the Common Procedures done by Psychiatrist?

  • Children's Apperception Test
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Dialectical behavior therapy
  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Behavior modification
  • Autism Screening
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Sleep Study
  • Cancer counselling
  • Stress management counselling

How to Become a Mental Health Professional?

To become a mental health professional or a psychiatrist, aspirants are required to complete a five and a half years M.B.B.S. graduation program from a medical college that is followed by specialized training in Psychiatry as a part of their post-graduation. Further, they can pursue fellowship courses, post-doctoral certificate courses, or super specialization courses in various streams like Addiction Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry, Geriatric Psychiatry, and Neuro-Psychiatry.



Dr. Rishab Sharma

Dr. Rishab Sharma MBBS, MD (Internal Medicine) He is associated with Fortis Escorts Hospital, Jaipur. Dr. Rishab has wide experience in managing a variety of diseases, as well as managing critical care units in large government and corporate hospitals.

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