Everything You Need to Know About Internal Medicine a.k.a. General Physicians

About Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is a specialty that covers a wide range of conditions that are affecting the internal organs of the human body; these include the lungs, heart, liver, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, kidneys, brain, spinal cord, nerves, joints, and muscles. It is all about the internal medicine diseases that specifically affect individual organs, but a majority of these diseases may affect internal organs as well, like arteriosclerosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, and cancer. So, internal medicine specialists or general physicians are trained to recognize, manage, and treat a broad range of internal medicine diseases and many patients with chronic and multiple disorders.

The Focus of Internal Medicine

Internal medicine focuses on:-

  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Sinus infections
  • Allergies

In addition, a general physician can also order the following lab investigations:-

  • Complete Blood Count
  • Echocardiograms
  • X-Ray
  • Blood Sugar Levels
  • Ultrasound

Who are Internal Medicine Specialists or General Physicians?

They focus on the care and diagnostics of adults across the spectrum of health to complex illness. They are well trained in diagnosing medical problems, chronic illnesses, and in caring for patients with more than one disease. An internal medicine specialist or general physician also specializes in health promotion and prevention of internal medicine diseases. In their daily routine, they see patients with conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, heart disease, and infectious diseases (dengue, malaria). He/she may work closely with doctors in other fields of medicine to consult on a patient in order to provide them the best medical care possible.

When to visit a General Physician?

You should see a general physician if:-

  • You have a family history of diabetes, hypertension, or any other significant disease.
  • You are gaining unnecessary weight rapidly.
  • You have increased heart rate, blood pressure, or cholesterol.
  • You notice any signs or symptoms related to depression, especially in women.
  • You suspect any infectious disease and have symptoms like fever or cough.

These are just a few reasons to visit an internal medicine doctor. It is better to go in for a routine health checkup and screening to identify early warning signs before they go from bad to worse. Having a qualified doctor to oversee your health can one day save your life. It is in your best interest to have an internal medicine doctor near you who knows your medical history and understands your needs and treatment methods.

What are the Diseases Treated By General Physician?

  • Dehydration
  • Heat Stroke
  • Hospital Acquired Infections
  • Organophosphorous Compound Poisoning
  • Anemia
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Sepsis
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  • Chickenpox
  • Chikungunya
  • Dengue
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
  • Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO)
  • Gastritis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis
  • HIV Infection and AIDS
  • Malaria
  • Pharyngitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Hypertension

What are the Common Procedures Performed By General Physician?

  • Airway Management
  • Temporary Cardiac Pacing
  • Central Venous Access
  • Arterial Access
  • Needle Decompression
  • Ryles Tube Insertion
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Pleural tapping
  • Urinary catheter insertion
  • Bronchoscopy

Journey to Become an Internal Medicine Doctor

To become a qualified and certified general physician, a doctor must receive five & a half years of training in M.B.B.S from a medical college. After graduation, the journey embarks an important phase of post-graduation in internal medicine which is for three years. To further enhance their skills, they can pursue fellowship courses in critical care medicine, diabetes management, and rheumatology.



Dr. Divaanshu Gupta

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta is a cardiac anaesthesiologist in Manipal Hospital, Jaipur. He has done his M.B.B.S. as well as M.D. Anaesthesia from S.M.S. Medical College. He has a vast experience of working in various critical care units of government as well as corporate hospitals.

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