ENT – Ear Nose Throat Specialist – What do they Do and When to Visit

Ear Nose Throat Surgery: An Introduction

ENT, also known as ear, nose and throat conditions, is the branch of medical science that diagnoses and treats a wide range of diseases, abnormalities, and other health problems affecting the areas around the head and neck, including the ear, nose, and throat regions. Specialists in this field are known as otorhinolaryngologists. Aside from providing medical care, they are also trained to perform surgeries that involve the aforementioned body parts, including plastic and reconstructive surgeries.

What Does an ENT Doctor Do?

ENT Doctor treat conditions that affect the senses such as smell and taste problems, hearing and balance disorders, conditions affecting the voice, breathing and swallowing as well as those with neck and head tumors including the skull base and interface with the brain. An ENT Doctor may treat people of all ages ranging from newborn babies to elderly people. ENT Doctors treat a wide range of conditions like:

  • Ear conditions
  • Nose conditions
  • Throat conditions
  • Head and neck conditions
  • Facial cosmetic surgery

Ear Conditions Include:

  • Otosclerosis - A condition that occurs in the middle ear that causes hearing loss and other problems with hearing and deafness.
  • Otitis media with effusion - A common condition found usually in children (also known as glue ear) in which the middle ear becomes blocked with fluid.
  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears) and eustachian tube dysfunction
  • Dizziness and vertigo
  • Ear infections
  • Perforated eardrum and cholesteatoma
  • Prominent ears / Bat Ears

Nose Conditions Include:

  • Sinus infection
  • Nasal injuries
  • Nasal polyps
  • Tumors of the nose
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Disorders of the sense of smell

Throat Conditions Include:

  • Adenoid problems - Refers to surgical removal of these small glands in the throat at the back of the nose is sometimes needed and is usually performed in childhood.
  • Tonsillitis - Sometimes requiring surgical removal of the tonsils if the situation worsens
  • Hoarseness and laryngitis
  • Swallowing problems
  • Upper airway breathing problems
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (when breathing stops during sleep)

Head and Neck Conditions Include:

  • Cancer affecting the mouth, oral cavity, throat (pharynx), voice box (larynx), salivary Glands, skull base, or the nose and sinuses
  • Thyroid and Parathyroid Problems
  • Facial skin lesions including skin cancer

Facial Cosmetic Surgery Includes:

  • Rhinoplasty (nose surgery)
  • Otoplasty (ear surgery)
  • Blepharoplasty (removal of excess skin and fat pads around the upper and lower eyelids)
  • Facial reconstruction following trauma or cancer

When to Visit An Ear, Nose And Throat Doctor?

Consult a doctor if you notice any of the below symptoms:-

  • Persistent Hearing Loss
  • Sinus Pain
  • Ongoing Nasal Congestion
  • Sore Throat
  • Ringing In Ears

If you are suffering from any of the aforementioned conditions, look for an “ENT specialist near me” and book an appointment.

List of Common ENT Procedures-

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Angiofibroma Excision
  • Commando Operation
  • Endoscopic Dacryocystorhinostomy( DCR)
  • Facial nerve Repair
  • Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) for antrochoanal polyp
  • Tympanoplasty
  • Total Thyroidectomy
  • Tonsillectomy (with Laser)
  • Tongue Tie excision
  • Septoplasty
  • Rhinoplasty

Education and Training

To become a certified ENT doctor/specialist, doctors are required to complete a five and a half years M.B.B.S. graduation program from a medical college, followed by specialized training in otolaryngology as a part of their post-graduation. After post-graduation, they can also pursue a fellowship course in Head and Neck Oncology, Rhinoplasty, or Laryngology, to refine and enhance their skills.

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta is a cardiac anaesthesiologist in Manipal Hospital, Jaipur. He has done his M.B.B.S. as well as M.D. Anaesthesia from S.M.S. Medical College. He has a vast experience of working in various critical care units of government as well as corporate hospitals.

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