Dermatologist & Venereologist: Front Line Specialists Treating Skin and Venereal Diseases

Dermatology & Venereology: An Overview

Dermatology is the study of medical science that involves diagnosing and treating skin diseases, venereal diseases and other sexually transmitted diseases, its appendages (hair and nails), and adjoining mucous membranes (mouth, genital). Conventional dermatological tests include skin cytologic examination for bacteria, fungus, and blood cell infiltration; dermatological sampling techniques, examination with Wood’s Lamp for dermatophytes infections; medium DTM fungus culture also for dermatophytes infections; and several other bacterial and fungus culture.

Venereology is the branch of medical science that deals with diagnosing and treating sexually transmitted diseases(STDs) also known as venereal diseases.

When Should You See a Dermatologist & Venereologist?

If you experience any of the below symptoms, you should consult a dermatologist/venereologist:

  • Facial skin problems (including acne, rosacea)
  • Abnormal skin pigmentation
  • Suspicious moles
  • Skin lesions
  • Itchy skin
  • Indeterminate rash /skin allergy
  • Cold sores
  • Hereditary skin diseases
  • Psoriasis
  • Nail fungus and other nail problems
  • Scaly and itchy scalp
  • Hair loss
  • Skin cancer
  • Inflamed skin
  • Redness
  • Genital discharge
  • Frequent urination
  • Unprotected intercourse

What are the common diseases treated by a Dermatologist?

  • Vitiligo:
    Where the skin loses melanin, leading to several patches of white or light-colored skin.
  • Acne:
    It is one of the most common diseases that affect the oil glands of the skin. It has numerous causes that may lead to many different kinds of pimples. Acne can result in depression, scarring, and low self-esteem.
  • Dermatitis and Eczema:
    These are serious symptoms for some people who have an altered, defective immune system and metabolism.
  • Skin Cancer:
    The most common forms of skin cancers are melanocarcinoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma . If caught at an early stage, treatment can resolve most skin cancers.
  • Shingles or Herpes Zoster:
    This is a viral infection that affects the nerve endings in the skin and causes a painful rash. Although it heals after a few weeks without treatment, intervention is recommended for a speedy recovery and to prevent long-lasting pain, numbness, and itching after the disease is gone.
  • Warts:
    Genital warts is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. These are highly contagious, small, skin-colored bumps that are usually triggered by the Human Papillomavirus Virus (HPV) and often appear weeks or months after the infection. Warts indicate an underlying tissue with immunity, but they often resolve without treatment. A dermatologist uses a variety of treatments to remove persistent warts.
  • Syphilis:
    Another one of the most common venereal diseases that usually appears in the form of large, open sores on your lips and mouth. Some sores may also appear on the side of your tongue inside the mouth and untreated syphilis can even cause a reddish rash to appear all over the body.

Other diseases treated by Dermatologists are:

  • Albinism
  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis
  • Alopecia (Baldness)
  • Insect bite
  • Corn
  • Diaper rash (Adults & children)
  • Drug Eruptions
  • Folliculitis
  • Milia
  • Psoriasis
  • Scabies
  • Scarlet Fever
  • Sunburn
  • Tattoo Reactions
  • Tinea Cruris
  • Urticaria

If you are suffering from any of the aforementioned conditions, look for a “dermatology or venereology doctor near me” and book an appointment.

Common Procedures Performed By A Dermatologist & Venereologist

  • Acne Peel
  • Dermaroller For Scars / Pores
  • Excision of Corns
  • Excision of Moles
  • Hair Fall Control
  • Laser Hair Removal
  • Stretch Marks removal
  • Skin biopsy
  • Hair Transplant
  • Botox injections
  • Photodynamic therapy
  • Skin tag removal

Education and Training

To become a certified dermatologist & venereologist, doctors are required to complete a five and a half years M.B.B.S. graduation program from medical college followed by specialized training in dermatology & venereology as a part of the postgraduate curriculum. Moreover, these specialists can also pursue further fellowship courses like aesthetic dermatology, dermatosurgery, pediatric dermatology in order to refine and enhance their skills in the field.

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta

Dr. Divaanshu Gupta is a cardiac anaesthesiologist in Manipal Hospital, Jaipur. He has done his M.B.B.S. as well as M.D. Anaesthesia from S.M.S. Medical College. He has a vast experience of working in various critical care units of government as well as corporate hospitals.

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